How 2016 Became the Year of the Hack, and What the Future Holds

While new revelations about Russian hacking during the US election continue to make headlines, they were by no means the only big cyberattacks of the last year. In fact, there were so many that you could dub 2016 as ?EU?the year of the hack?EU?.

A hallmark of 2016 cyberattacks has been just how public they have become. On 21 October, an attack on internet infrastructure provider Dyn with a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack took down access to Netflix, Facebook, Twitter plus the Guardian, CNN, The New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and others.

In addition to the high profile nature of the hack, it was noteworthy because of its cause: exploitation of internet-connected everyday devices such as webcams and digital recorders.

Last month, the bank operated by UK supermarket chain Tesco was hit, resulting in £2.5m being stolen from the accounts of some 9,000 customers.

And then there was the massive Yahoo hack. It technically took place in 20013, but the revelation came this month that data from more than 1bn user accounts was compromised, with some dubbing it the largest such hack in history. This news followed a September revelation of a 2014 incident that allowed hackers to steal the personal data associated with at least 500m Yahoo accounts.

Russia was not the only country involved in a hacking controversy in 2016. For the first four months of the year, Apple was in a well-publicized tussle with the FBI over whether the company would help hack into the iPhone of San Bernardino gunman Syed Farook.

?EU?2016 was most notable for the evolution of nation state attacks,?EU? said Richard Stiennon, author of There Will Be Cyberwar. ?EU?Cyber espionage has been an important tool for hackers and intelligence agencies since at least 2004 and Titan Rain. But releasing the emails from the Democratic National...

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